Charts of accounts
A chart of accounts is one of the basic concepts in bookkeeping. A chart of accounts is a set of synthetic accounts intended for grouping data related to the business activities of an enterprise. Data stored in such synthetic accounts provides the user with a complete picture of the state of the enterprise funds in monetary terms.
Aside from the code and name, one can create a set of attributes for storing custom data related to a chart of accounts item.
Each chart of accounts can have multiple predefined forms for viewing and editing.
Chart of accounts properties
In addition to the common properties available for all metadata objects, charts of accounts have specific properties, which are listed in this section.
You can edit a chart of accounts in the editor window.
Charts of accounts in the 1C:Enterprise system support a multilevel hierarchy of accounts and subaccounts. Each chart of accounts can include an unlimited number of top-level accounts. Each account can also have an unlimited number of subaccounts. Each subaccount, in turn, can have its own subacccounts, and so forth.
The Data tab is intended for specifying chart of accounts attributes and accounting types (quantitative, foreign currency, and so on).
If a chart of accounts has the Autoorder by code check box selected, when a list of accounts is generated, it is ordered by the Code field. In this case the Order length property cannot be less than the code length.
If the Autoorder by code check box is selected, the Order column is hidden and not available in the default form. At that ordering is available by the Code and Name columns. But in this case ordering by the Code field is replaced by ordering by the Order field.
The idea of the Autoorder by code property itself is to hide the availability of the Order field from the user. This property ensures ordering by code for the user even though the Order field is actually used for ordering. Thus, the Order field is not displayed to the user by default while the developer should ensure that it is filled in by software.
If you want the user to be able to view and edit this field, clear the Autoorder by code check box.
The Extra dimensions tab is intended to select extra dimensions from a set of charts of characteristic types and create extra dimension accounting flags. Extra dimension accounting flags form the list of accounting types. Typical examples of accounting types are foreign currency and quantitative accounting.
The predefined accounts of a chart of accounts are entered in a separate window opened by clicking the Predefined data button on the Other tab. These accounts cannot be deleted by users in 1C:Enterprise mode.
On the Other tab, you can specify fields used in managed transaction data locks and specify whether objects of this type are included in the full-text search.
Use the Update predefined data list to select one of the following predefined data update modes:
Auto. Automatically select the mode as follows: Update automatically for master infobase nodes, and Do not update automatically for subordinate infobase nodes.
Update automatically. Predefined data items are created and updated automatically during infobase restructuring.
Do not update automatically. Predefined data items are not created or updated automatically during infobase restructuring.